January Black Panther Party
January 2, 1968
Southern California chapter of the Black Panthers
In early 1968, Carter formed the Southern California chapter of the Black Panther Party (BPP) and became a leader in the group. Like all Black Panther chapters, the Southern California chapter studied politics, read Party literature, and received training in firearms and first aid. They also began the "Free Breakfast for Children" program which provided meals to the poor in the community. The chapter was very successful, gaining 50–100 new members each week by April 1968. Notable members included Elaine Brown and Geronimo Pratt. The Black Panthers were referred to as "the greatest threat to the internal security of the country" by FBI director J. Edgar Hoover, and the party was targeted by the secret FBI operation known as COINTELPRO. As later revealed in Senate testimony, the FBI worked with the Los Angeles Police Department to harass and intimidate party members.
In 1968 and 1969, numerous false arrests and warrantless searches were documented, and several members were killed in altercations with the police. "The Breakfast for Children Program," wrote Hoover in an internal FBI memo in May 1969, "represents the best and most influential activity going for the BPP and, as such, is potentially the greatest threat to efforts by authorities to neutralize the BPP and destroy what it stands for." The breakfast program was effectively shut down by daily arrests of members; however, those charges were usually dropped within a week. Later in 1969, Hoover sent orders to FBI field offices: "exploit all avenues of creating dissension within the ranks of the BPP", and "submit imaginative and hard-hitting counterintelligence measures aimed at crippling the BPP". In Southern California, the Black Panthers were also rivals of a black nationalist group called Organization Us (usually referred to as "US"), founded by Ron Karenga. The groups had very different aims and tactics, but often found themselves competing for potential recruits. This rivalry came to a head in 1969, when the two groups supported different candidates to head the Afro-American Studies Center at UCLA.
January 3, 1971
NCCF opens Black Community Information Center...
January 4, 1970
Opens Spurgeon Jake Winters Free Medical Clinic...
January 5, 1971
Police admit raid on Boston BPP
Chapter was a Mistake....
January 6, 1970
Free the L.A. 18 and All Political Prisoners rally at the Hall of Justice...
January 7, BPP
Omaha, Nebraska starts Liberation School...
January 9, 1970
Boston BPP begins Free Clothing program-
Directed by: James “Bubba” Young...
January 11, 1970
January 11, BPP Office in Portland, Oregon holds mass rally at Union and Russell Streets.....
January 12, 1970
Police raid the Winston-Salem NCCF office in North Carolina....
January 14, 1970
Mr. a s Mrs. Leonard Bernstein host a fundraiser for BPP in the New York home....
January 15, 1971
Marshall Eddie Conway convicted of Murder of police officer 1971 Cointelpro operation....
January 16, 1971
NCCF office in Toledo, Ohio starts Legal Assistance Program With Free Lawyer services....
January 17, 1969
Brunchy Carter and John Huggins are assassinated at UCLA....
January 18, 1971
13 BPP Members in Memphis, Tenn. are in a housing dispute....
January 19, 1971
New York Panther 21 publish open letter to Weathermen in East Village Other..
January 20, 1969
First BPP Free Breakfast for Schoolchildren Program opens in Oakland, CA.
January 21, 1977
So. California BPP sponsors a Winter Festival Survival Day.
January 22, 1971
New Haven, CT.
BPP office opens Free Medical Clinic.
January 27, 1972
BPP office in Winston-Salem, NC protests Policies of local Housing Authority.
January 28, 1969
Bridgeport, CT BPP Branch office is opened.
January 29, 1970
San Diego FBI sends letters to exacerbate conflict between BPP and US.
January 30, 1970
More than 100 police raid BPP office in Des Moines, Iowa.
January 31, BPP
Fred Hampton Memorial Health Clinic open in Portland, OR.
Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for a crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.
Chattel Slavery is still prevalent today...
Comrades, Friends, and Family
We’ve started a letter writing to Black Panther Party Political Prisoners, which you can be part of. Our intentions are to promote inspiration among the Progressive Population and give hope to the Black Panther Party Political Prisoners. We are asking you to obtain two postage stamps to communicate with your selected Political Prisoner and as proof to send a copy or top section of letter to the Campaign Committee with your return address. You may speak on any subject, but no photos or art of any kind (most incarceration rules).
When you complete your correspondence to your selected Black Panther Party Prisoner (list enclosed) put in envelope and make a copy for second envelope and mail to : Black Panther Party Commemoration Committee
PO Box 1999
Linden, NJ 07036
All communications will be confidential and once Pin is mailed off letters will be destroyed.
All Power to the People
Free them All