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10 Things You May Not Know About Martin Luther King Jr.

Explore 10 surprising facts about the civil rights leader.

BY CHRISTOPHER KLEIN



Bettmann Archive/Getty Images

1. King’s birth name was Michael, not Martin.

The civil rights leader was born Michael King Jr. on January 15, 1929. In 1934, however, his father, a pastor at Atlanta’s Ebenezer Baptist Church, traveled to Germany and became inspired by the Protestant Reformation leader Martin Luther. As a result, King Sr. changed his own name as well as that of his 5-year-old son.

2. King entered college at the age of 15.

King was such a gifted student that he skipped grades nine and 12 before enrolling in 1944 at Morehouse College, the alma mater of his father and maternal grandfather. Although he was the son, grandson and great-grandson of Baptist ministers, King did not intend to follow the family vocation until Morehouse president Benjamin E. Mays, a noted theologian, convinced him otherwise. King was ordained before graduating college with a degree in sociology.


3. King received his doctorate in systematic theology.

After earning a divinity degree from Pennsylvania’s Crozer Theological Seminary, King attended graduate school at Boston University, where he received his Ph.D. degree in 1955. The title of his dissertation was “A Comparison of the Conceptions of God in the Thinking of Paul Tillich and Henry Nelson Wieman.”

4. King’s 'I Have a Dream' speech was not his first at the Lincoln Memorial.

Six years before his iconic oration at the March on Washington, King was among the civil rights leaders who spoke in the shadow of the Great Emancipator during the Prayer Pilgrimage for Freedom on May 17, 1957. Before a crowd estimated at between 15,000 and 30,000, King delivered his first national address on the topic of voting rights. His speech, in which he urged America to “give us the ballot,” drew strong reviews and positioned him at the forefront of the civil rights leadership.



READ MORE: 7 Things You May Not Know About MLK’s ‘I Have a Dream’ Speech

5. King was imprisoned nearly 30 times.

According to the King Center, the civil rights leader went to jail 29 times. He was arrested for acts of civil disobedience and on trumped-up charges, such as when he was jailed in Montgomery, Alabama, in 1956 for driving 30 miles per hour in a 25-mile-per-hour zone.


One evening in 1958, photographer Flip Schulke was covering a rally at a black Baptist church in Miami where Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was speaking. He was later invited to meet with Dr. King, a defining moment in his career and the start to a great friendship.

Here, Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr. is seen meeting with his parishioners at Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta, Georgia after Sunday services.

Flip Schulke Archives/Getty Images


Southern Christian Leadership Conference leader C.T. Vivian teaching a class in non-violence for marchers in the basement of a black church in Selma.

At King’s invitation, Schulke began attending the secret planning meetings of the SCLC.

Flip Schulke Archives/Getty Images



READ MORE: An Intimate View of MLK Through the Lens of a Friend

6. King narrowly escaped an assassination attempt a decade before his death.

On September 20, 1958, King was in Harlem signing copies of his new book, “Stride Toward Freedom,” in Blumstein’s department store when he was approached by Izola Ware Curry. The woman asked if he was Martin Luther King Jr. After he said yes, Curry said, “I’ve been looking for you for five years,” and she plunged a seven-inch letter opener into his chest. The tip of the blade came to rest alongside his aorta, and King underwent hours of delicate emergency surgery. Surgeons later told King that just one sneeze could have punctured the aorta and killed him. From his hospital bed where he convalesced for weeks, King issued a statement affirming his nonviolent principles and saying he felt no ill will toward his mentally ill attacker.

7. King’s last public speech foretold his death.

King had come to Memphis in April 1968 to support the strike of the city’s Black garbage workers, and in a speech on the night before his assassination, he told an audience at Mason Temple Church: “Like anybody, I would like to live a long life. Longevity has its place. But I’m not concerned about that now … I’ve seen the Promised Land. I may not get there with you. But I want you to know tonight, that we, as a people, will get to the Promised Land. And I’m happy tonight. I’m not worried about anything. I’m not fearing any man. Mine eyes have seen the glory of the coming of the Lord.”



8. Members of King’s family did not believe James Earl Ray acted alone.

Ray, a career criminal, pled guilty to King’s assassination but later recanted. King’s son Dexter met publicly with Ray in 1997 and argued for the case to be reopened. King’s widow, Coretta, believed the Mafia and local, state and federal government agencies were deeply involved in the murder. She praised the result of a 1999 civil trial in which a Memphis jury decided the assassination was the result of a conspiracy and that Ray was set up to take the blame. A U.S. Department of Justice investigation released in 2000 reported no evidence of a conspiracy.

9. King’s mother was also slain by a bullet.

On June 30, 1974, as 69-year-old Alberta Williams King played the organ at a Sunday service inside Ebenezer Baptist Church, Marcus Wayne Chenault Jr. rose from the front pew, drew two pistols and began to fire shots. One of the bullets struck and killed King, who died steps from where her son had preached nonviolence. The deranged gunman said that Christians were his enemy and that although he had received divine instructions to kill King’s father, who was in the congregation, he killed King’s mother instead because she was closer. The shooting also left a church deacon dead. Chenault received a death penalty sentence that was later changed to life imprisonment, in part due to the King family’s opposition to capital punishment.

10. George Washington is the only other American to have had his birthday observed as a national holiday.

In 1983 President Ronald Reagan signed a bill that created a federal holiday to honor King. The holiday, first commemorated in 1986, is celebrated on the third Monday in January, close to the civil rights leader’s January 15 birthday.

Read more about Martin Luther King, Jr.:

MLK Was Nearly Stabbed to Death a Decade Before His Assassination

Why Martin Luther King’s Family Believes James Earl Ray Was Not His Killer

Martin Luther King, Jr.’s Final Speech


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Hanging one's hat in Austin, Texas. Robert King Wilkerson (A.K.A) Robert H. King and Kenyatta

Ruth Hathaway (A.K.A) Kenyatta Ruth Williams. Together we relocated to Westwego, Louisiana 2018. Upon repositioning, we transposed to New Orleans food and beverage sector. Historical Old  Algiers

community. In a business partnership with Henry (Pal) Alexander of the Westbank Steppers Social Aid & Pleasure Club. Our mission is to engender employment for the region. Ergo will give rise to the induction of civic and social relief. Effectuating opportunities for a depressed and underprivileged community, and build successful business bonding's. While generating revenue that will in return booster the economics of Algiers. A community from which King & Pal have roots in. Algiers is Westbank of the Mississippi 

River. It's the only section of Orleans Parish district located on the West Bank of the Mississippi River. Algiers is known as the 15th Ward.  It's one of the oldest Wards of the 17 Wards in New Orleans. Following chattel slavery along the Mississippi River. It became the birthplace of  Jazz in the early 1900s. 

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